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Toggle Switch

Toggle Switch

Introduction of Toggle Switch

  • The toggle switch is a type of electrical switch that is identified by the presence of handle or lever that makes it possible to control the flow of electric current/signal from a power supply to a device or within a device.

  • It is a hinged switch that can assume either of two positions ie. ON or OFF. It is used to switch between two conditions in a circuit.

  • Toggle Switches employ rocker-type contact mechanism.

  • Being easy in operation, toggle switch can be used in a number of different applications, both in commercial and in house hold appliances.

  • It is housed in an anti- tracking moulded case for dust free performance, thus last for many years before being replaced.

  • To protect from false switching, a flip cover is used as switch guard.

  • Toggle Switch with Flip Cover
  • Some Toggle switches comes with small length of handle making its operation difficult. Thus, to over come this drawback, Handle extensions are used.

  • Toggle Switch with Handle Extension
  • They are available in SPST, SPDT, DPST, DPDT contacts terminology.

  • Now a days in home applications like for switching lights/fans Rocker Switches are used instead of Toggle Switch.

  • Toggle Switch Vs Rocker Switch

    Specifications of Toggle Switch

  • Mechanical life: 40,000 make and break cycles.
  • Maximum contact resistance: 10MOhms.
  • Initial voltage: 2 to 4V dc.
  • Current: 10mA for both silver and gold plated contacts.
  • Minimum Insulation resistance: 1,000MOhms.
  • Dielectric strength: 1,000Vrms at sea level.
  • Operating temperature: -30 Degree Celsius to 85 Degree Celsius.
  • NOTE: This specifications changes with different manufacturers, requirements, etc.
    Toggle Switch

    Classification of Toggle Switch based on application

    1. Military Purpose Toggles:
  • Military purpose toggle switches are designed to meet the requirements of MIL-S-83731. Sealed switches have a silicone rubber lever seal assembled between the lever and the bushing to resist the entrance of contaminants such as dust, sand or water into the contact structure.

  • 2. General Purpose Toggles:
  • General Purpose Toggles are AC or DC rated mechanically actuated switches designed to respond to many types of mechanical stimulus.

  • 3. Heavy Duty Hesitation Switches:
  • Heavy Duty Hesitation switches are available in either two or three-position. The three-position switches offer a unique positive center stop/OFF feature with their widespread acceptance for motor reversing and speed control applications.

  • Heavy Duty Toggle Switch

    Constructional and Working Diagram

    The Below diagrams shows the Construction and working of three position toggle switch.
    Construction of 3 Way Toggle Switch Working of 3 Way Toggle Switch

    Connection Diagram in different switching terminology

    2 Way SPST Toggle Switch 2 Way SPDT Toggle Switch
    3 Way SPDT Toggle Switch 2 Way DPDT Toggle Switch


    1. As switching circuit in Telecommunication trainer kit: For example: for switching between Ask modulator and Bsk modulator.
    2. In Aeroplanes and auto-mobiles for switching headlights etc.
    3. As main switch of Air-Conditioner.

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