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What is cyber Law?

Cyber Law

Before learning the concept of Cyber law , we must know what is the meaning of Law. Law means specific rules which have been set and approved by the government in order to govern the society and control the behaviour of people. This Law should be accepted and obeyed by the persons residing in that territory. Violation and not obeying of these rules will lead to strict action by the government like imprisonment and/or fine as compensation. Law can be different for different states, country .

The word cyber means including everything from computers , internet , websites , data , emails to software's, ATM machines , networks , storage devices and also cell phones. Basically saying all technological and electronic elements and Information systems.

Cyber law means "law governing cyber space". It is also known as Internet Law. The term Cyber law describes the legal issues related to the use of various Internet Technologies. Some leading topics include internet access and usage, privacy, freedom of expression, and jurisdiction. These contain the various laws for the illegal activities done on or related to computers and internet. The other criminal activities include theft, forgery, defamation and mischief and all are subjected to Indian Penal Code in India. Cyber laws have been made under two considerations - national and international. All the laws differ from country to country.

The internet combines all the laws independent of their presence on the internet. Such as, a single transaction may include several laws such as:
1) the laws of the state/nation where the user resides
2) the laws of the state/nation with whom the transaction takes place
3) the laws of the state/nation who hosts the server for transaction.

So for example, if a user in India transacts in some other country then that user is abided/subjects by/to the laws of both the countries.Cyber Laws are the basic laws of a Society and are implicated on every aspect of the Cyber Society such as Governance, Business, Crimes, Entertainment, Information Delivery, Education etc.

Criminals can use computer in two ways : As a TARGET and as a WEAPON
Using a computer they can target another computer, e.g. Virus attack , Hacking , DOS attack , Trojan attack , worm attack. Using a computer to commit real crimes on any electronic means. E.g. Credit card fraud , transferring money , cyber terrorism etc.

Cyber law in India is incorporated in the Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act, 2000). The IT Act, 2000 chiefly covers:
(a) E-commerce in India
(b) E-governance in India
(c) Cyber contraventions
(d) Cyber crimes, etc.

Some cyber related crimes and statistics in India:
  • Security in noida set to be updated : Uttar Pradesh government on Tuesday gave approval for the setting up of five police stations, a hi-tech police control room, a cyber-crime police station and a forensic lab in Greater Noida region.

  • "password" no longer internet's worst password: The number sequence "123456" has overtaken "password" as the most common worst password among Internet users, an online security firm says.

  • Cyber education needed to tackle threats: India needs secure systems and networks to tackle the increasing threats against the cyber security of the country, Gulshan Rai, director general of the Indian government`s Computer Emergency Response Team said Thursday.

  • At the receiving end of the alarming rise of cyber crimes in the city are schoolchildren with as many as 30% of them having complained of some form of cyber harassment.

  • Cyber Crime Statistics

  • India stands 11th in the ranking for cyber crime in the world , constituting 3% of the global cyber crime.

  • 6.9 million bot-infected systems in 2010.

  • 14,348 website defacements in 2010.

  • 15,000 sites hacked in 2011.

  • India is the number 1 country in the world for generating spam.

  • India is the third-most targeted country for phishing attacks after the US and the UK.

  • The major cybercrimes are centered on forgery, fraud and phishing.

  • 29.9 million people fell victim to cybercrime.

  • $4 billion in direct financial losses.

  • $3.6 billion in time spent resolving the crime.

  • 4 in 5 online adults (80%) have been a victim of cyber crime.

  • 17% of adults have experienced cybercrime on their mobile phone.

  • 50% of cybercrimes are not even reported.

  • Crime data or information maintained by National Crime Record Bureau (CRB) revealed that 2,464 cases of crime such as hacking and others were registered during 2012, Milind Deora, minister of state for communications and information technology, said in New Delhi, on Wednesday.

  • As stated by Norton cybercrime report 2011

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