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Comparison of Planets

Parameters Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune
Image
mercury
venus
earth
mars
jupiter
saturn
uranus
neptune
Distance from the Sun (km) 58 Million 108 Million 150 Million 228 Million 778 Million 1.43 Billion 2.87 Billion 4.5 Billion
Radius of planet (km) 2,440 6,052 6,371 3,390 69,911 58,232 25,362 24,622
Mass (kg) 3.3022x1023 4.8685x1024 5.9737x1024 6.4185x1023 1.8987x1027 5.6851x1026 8.6849x1025 1.0244x1026
Volume (km3) 60.8 Billion 928 Billion 1.08 Trillion 163 Billion 1431 Trillion 827 Trillion 68.3 Trillion 62.5 Trillion
No. of Moons 0 0 1 2 66 62 27 14
Revolution Around the Sun 87.96 Earth days 224.68 Earth days 365.26 days 686.98 Earth days 11.862 Earth years 29.456 Earth years 84.07 Earth years 164.81 Earth years
Period of Rotation 58.7 Earth days 243 Earth days 24 hours 1.026 Earth days 9.84 Earth hours 10.2 Earth hours 17.9 Earth hours 19.1 Earth hours
Orbital Deviation from Circular 0.206 0.007 0.017 0.093 0.048 0.056 0.047 0.009
Type of planet Inner Inner Inner Inner Outer Outer Outer Outer
Presence of Rings No No No No Yes Yes Yes Ys
Major Atmospheric Constituents Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen Nitrogen, Oxygen Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, Argon Hydrogen, Helium Hydrogen, Helium Hydrogen, Helium, Methane Hydrogen, Helium, Methane
Major Atmospheric Constituents Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen Nitrogen, Oxygen Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, Argon Hydrogen, Helium Hydrogen, Helium Hydrogen, Helium, Methane Hydrogen, Helium, Methane
Escape Velocity (km/h) 15,300 37,296 40,284 18,108 216,720 129,924 76,968 84,816
Orbital Velocity (km/s) 48 35.02 29.79 24.13 13.07 9.67 6.81 5.45
Surface Gravity (m/s2) 3.7 8.87 9.8 3.8 23.12 8.96 8.87 11.15